Phoenix is the anchor of the Phoenix metropolitan area, also known as the Valley of the Sun

Phoenix is the capital and most populous city in Arizona, with 1,660,272 individuals (as of 2018). It is also the fifth most populous city in the United States, and the only state capital with a population of much more than 1 million residents.

Phoenix is the anchor of the Phoenix metropolitan location, also identified as the Valley of the Sun, which in turn is part of the Salt River Valley. The metropolitan location is the 11th biggest by population in the United States, with approximately 4.73 million individuals as of 2017. Phoenix is the seat of Maricopa County and the biggest city in the state at 517.9 square miles (1,341 km2), much more than twice the size of Tucson and 1 of the biggest cities in the United States.

Phoenix was settled in 1867 as an agricultural community close to the confluence of the Salt and Gila Rivers and was incorporated as a city in 1881. It became the capital of Arizona Territory in 1889. It is in the northeastern reaches of the Sonoran Desert and has a scorching desert climate. In spite of this, its canal technique led to a thriving farming community with the original settler’s crops remaining essential components of the Phoenix economic system for decades, this kind of as alfalfa, cotton, citrus, phoenix escorts and hay. Cotton, cattle, citrus, climate, and copper were identified locally as the “Five C’s” anchoring Phoenix’s economic system. These remained the driving forces of the city until after World War II, when substantial-tech companies started to move into the valley and air conditioning produced Phoenix’s scorching summers much more bearable.

The city averaged a 4 % yearly population development rate in excess of a forty12 months period from the mid-1960s to the mid-2000s. This development rate slowed throughout the Fantastic Recession of 2007–09, and has rebounded slowly. Phoenix is the cultural center of the state of Arizona.